MC7 Intervention Overview

Using the SHAPE CODING™ System Time Adverbials Intervention Outline

Materials required:

    • Large individual shapes triangle, oval, square, diamond, semicircle.
    • Black arrows/ blue tense arrows (past/present)
    • Background images/small figures or cut outs   / photos
    • Emotion pictures/ Action pictures

     

    1. Introduce ‘when’ triangle shape. Explain this is for time words.  Check concept of time and generate examples of past/ present time words and phrases using a triangle with a black time arrow attached. Start with single words e.g. today/yesterday but introduce others such as  last week/this morning too. 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1 Place a small figure/photo of a person onto a background/landscape. Introduce a simple sentence pattern such as shown below and ask the learner to select an appropriate triangle time adverbial to match. Show how the time triangle can go at the start of the sentence or at the end. 

 

 

 

 

 

1. Place a small figure/photo of a person onto a background/landscape. Introduce a simple sentence pattern such as shown below and ask the learner to select an appropriate triangle time adverbial to match. Show how the time triangle can go at the start of the sentence or at the end.

Repeat with 2 other person/landscape/present time triangles. Switch people around to create  more sentences in same tense. e.g. Emma is in the jungle now. Fred is on the moon this morning.

2. Introduce past time adverbial triangles and other locations. Tell the learner that the people weren’t always in these locations. Explain that in the past each person visited other locations. Decide who was where and when and make sentences to match. Show that the time/tense arrows both change when talking about the past.

It doesn’t matter if the learner makes errors with tense accuracy at this stage or even includes a diamond word, but they must have understanding that the black/blue arrows must match!

Repeat with other locations/past time adverbials to establish pattern.  Keep asking ‘when’ someone was where to reinforce the triangle phrases.

 

3. Repeat steps 2 and 3 with other sentence patterns and relevant activities e.g. making an emotions diary e.g. S-adjective 

or a chores rota

4. Complete matching tasks (time and tense arrows)  sample here

5. Consolidation: At the end of each session, review time triangles and sentence patterns used. Mix up patterns. Reduce the shape support, encourage learner to build sentences including ‘time 

Ask questions to ensure they do not muddle ‘when’ with ‘where’ responses. 

 

Additional Resources