MC7 time adverbial
You will need:
- Triangle, oval, rectangle, diamond, semi-circle shapes and/or SHAPE CODING app
- Black arrows/ blue tense arrows (past/present)
- Background images/small figures or cut outs / photos
- Emotion pictures/ Action pictures
App setting: Default
- Introduce ‘when’ triangle shape. Explain this is for time words. Check concept of time and generate examples of past / present time words and phrases using a triangle with a black time arrow attached. Start with single words, e.g. today/yesterday but introduce others such as last week/this morning.
- Place a small figure/photo of a person onto a background/landscape. Introduce a simple sentence pattern such as the one shown below and ask the learner to select an appropriate triangle time adverbial to match the blue arrow (on the diamond). Show how the time triangle can go at the start of the sentence or at the end.
Repeat with two other people/landscape/present time triangles. Switch people around to create more sentences in the same tense, e.g. Emma is in the jungle now. Fred is on the moon this morning.
- Introduce past time adverbial triangles and other locations. Tell the learner that the people weren’t always in these locations. Explain that in the past, each person visited other locations. Decide who was where and when and make sentences to match. Show that the time/tense arrows both change when talking about the past.
It doesn’t matter if the learner makes errors with tense accuracy at this stage or even includes a diamond word, but they must have understanding that the black/blue arrows need to match!
Repeat with other locations/past time adverbials to establish pattern. Keep asking ‘when’ someone was ‘where’ to reinforce the triangle phrases.
- Repeat steps 2 and 3 with other sentence patterns and relevant activities:
Example 1: making an emotions diary using Subject + Adjective:
Example 2: chores rota using Subject + Verb Phrase:
- Complete matching tasks (time and tense arrows)
- Consolidation: At the end of each session, review time triangles and sentence patterns used. Mix up patterns. Reduce the shape support. Encourage the learner to build sentences including ‘time adverbials’ to explain their routines and in their retells.
- Ask questions to ensure they do not muddle ‘when’ with ‘where’