M10 Intervention Overview
Using the SHAPE CODING™ System Time Adverbials Intervention Outline
- Large SV sentence shape code shapes- oval, hexagon, diamond and flag shapes see here
- Brown pen
- SHAPE CODING app
- Pictures/printed text of words to be used during the session if required.
- Small figures/toys for acting out verbs
- Action pictures/clips
- Ask the child to act out/mime some adverbials of manner while doing an action him/herself or with toys e.g. Show me walking slowly, quickly, fast, loudly, quietly, silently, happily, sadly.
For steps 2-3, you might like to use this PowerPoint
- Explain you are going to show them how to talk about how they/others do things.
Lay out an SV sentence e.g. Buzz is walking. Ask the child how Buzz is walking. Guide them to one of the adverbs used above.
Add a flag shape after the hexagon and write the adverb onto it. Underline it in brown. Show how both the triangle and hexagon have pointy ends showing they are linked. The flag tells you more about the action in the hexagon (unlike the cloud which tells you more about the oval).
with 2 other figures/images e.g. Scooby is
walking quietly. Woody is walking loudly.
- Ask questions to reinforce
the flag answers ‘how’ / manner questions. Give explicit feedback as the
child produces sentences. If the
child uses an adjective e.g. slow say “I heard the green word ‘slow’. Slow goes in the cloud and tells
you more about the person in the oval, but we are learning brown words.
What is the brown word that links with ‘slow‘ and tells us how they are doing the
action”. Elicit ‘slowly‘ and model correct form .
the child adds ‘ly’ in error e.g. fastly, welly,
explain that you heard them try to make a brown word but these are special.
When these words are brown / in a flag, they don’t need ‘ly’ – they can stay as
- Practice changing adjective
to adverbs. If more explicit practice is needed here
- Repeat steps 2-3 with SVO
sentences. E.g. Shaggy is eating his burger quickly / Velma is drinking
her juice slowly.
Show that the adverb goes after the hexagon to show ‘how‘ they are acting.
- Practice with multiple contexts and verb/manner. Introduce new adverbs of manner e.g. rudely, politely, disgustingly, beautifully to link with chosen verb e.g. playing, singing, burping, speaking.
Practice matching adverb-verbs in written sentence example here
- Add different locations using a where semicircle and/or when triangles and show that the how flag comes straight after the hexagon e.g. The children are playing happily in the park today. Last week, the children played happily in the park.